Моделирование и реконструкция параметров речного стока и баланса массы ледников на Северном Кавказе


https://doi.org/10.15356/2076-6734-2014-3-16-30

Полный текст:


Аннотация

Для исследования и решения поставленной проблемы использована обширная база факторов прямо (разнообразные сведения о климате) или косвенно (индексы ширины и максимальной плотности древесных колец) характеризующих условия формирования годового и сезонного стока рек и составляющих баланса массы ледников на Северном Кавказе. На основе этой информации получен и проверен на независимых данных ряд новых формул для расчёта сезонного стока р. Терек на семи гидропостах в 1901–2010 гг.; оценена также значимость различных аргументов в этих формулах для описания изменчивости функции. Впервые получены уравнения связи между высотой линии равновесия ELA в конце периода абляции, индексом площади аккумуляции AAR и составляющими годового баланса массы Bn, Bw и Bs на ледниках Джанкуат и Гарабаши. Разработана методика региональных расчётов средних величин аккумуляции на ледниках по данным об абляции и ELA.


Об авторе

В. Г. Коновалов
Институт географии РАН, Москва
Россия


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Дополнительные файлы

Для цитирования: Коновалов В.Г. Моделирование и реконструкция параметров речного стока и баланса массы ледников на Северном Кавказе. Лёд и Снег. 2014;54(3):16-30. https://doi.org/10.15356/2076-6734-2014-3-16-30

For citation: Konovalov V.G. Simulation and reconstruction of parameters of streamflow and glacier mass balance in the Northern Caucasus. Ice and Snow. 2014;54(3):16-30. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15356/2076-6734-2014-3-16-30

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ISSN 2076-6734 (Print)
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