КЛИМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ПОСЛЕДСТВИЯ ЭКСПАНСИИ ПРЕСНЫХ ВОД В ГРЕНЛАНДСКОЕ МОРЕ И СЕВЕРНУЮ АТЛАНТИКУ


https://doi.org/10.15356/2076-6734-2012-2-81-96

Аннотация

Во второй половине ХХ в. в Северной Атлантике отмечено три значимых аномалии распреснения поверхностных вод. В иностранной литературе они получили собственное имя – Великая соленосная аномалия (ВСА) [31–33, 36, 37]. Выделяют ВСА-1970-х, ВСА-1980-х и ВСА-1990-х годов. Р. Диксон [37] описал это явление как одно из наиболее резко и продолжительно влияющих на изменения климата океана в ХХ в. По мнению авторов настоящей статьи, генезис ВСА-1970-х связан с ледопродуктивностью арктических заприпайных полыней. В этой статье даётся феноменологическая модель формирования климатических изменений в зоне полярных и умеренных широт Северного полушария, обусловленных периодическими выбросами в Северную Атлантику аномально больших объёмов распреснённых вод из Северного Ледовитого океана. Делается вывод, что в настоящий момент уже сформировалась ВСА-2010-х и началось её распространение в Северной Атлантике. Впервые аномалия описывается не постфактум, а в момент зарождения. Таким образом, мы стоим на пороге достаточно длительного периода похолодания.


Об авторах

А. В. Попов
Арктический и Антарктический научно-исследовательский институт, Санкт-Петербург
Россия


А. В. Рубченя
Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет
Россия


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Дополнительные файлы

Для цитирования: Попов А.В., Рубченя А.В. КЛИМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ПОСЛЕДСТВИЯ ЭКСПАНСИИ ПРЕСНЫХ ВОД В ГРЕНЛАНДСКОЕ МОРЕ И СЕВЕРНУЮ АТЛАНТИКУ. Лёд и Снег. 2012;52(2):81-96. https://doi.org/10.15356/2076-6734-2012-2-81-96

For citation: Popov A.V., Rubchenya A.V. CLIMATIC IMPLICATIONS OF THE FRESH WATER EXPANSION IN THE GREENLAND SEA AND THE NORTH ATLANTIC. Ice and Snow. 2012;52(2):81-96. https://doi.org/10.15356/2076-6734-2012-2-81-96

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